Centrifugal, Masticating and Twin-Gear/Triturating Juice Extractors
To find the ideal juicer it’s good to know about the main types of juicers available on the market.
- Centrifugal (like Jack La Lanne’s Power Juicer, or the Omega 1000 Juicer)
- Masticating (also known as single gear) juicing machines (Champion 2000+ Juicer), and
- Twin-gear (Triturating) juicers (Green Star Juicer)
Guide to Electric Juicers
Each of the following juice extractor types has its own benefits and some weaknesses. We gathered all the information you need on the various types so that you can make a well-informed buying decision.
Think through your juicing habits, lifestyle, to decide what kind of juicer is the best for your needs and budget. For the most health conscious it is good to know that juicers that operate at low speed generate the lowest possible heat and (triturating aka twin-gear juicers) protecting the nutrient content from heat damage in the gained juice.
Some Popular Juicers For Making Fresh Juice at Home
Centrifugal juicers are the most common juicing machines available in stores. There’s a round shredder disc with sharp blades that spins at high speed while grinding and grating the fruits and vegetables into tiny pieces.
- Omega BMJ330
- Acme 6001
The centrifugal force generated by the high speed revolution (RPM=revolution per minute, rate of revolution of the juicer’s motor) pushes the juice through a fine-screen sieve, separating juice from pulp. The juice flows out through the spout in the front of the machine, into a glass you place there.
Main Benefits of Centrifugal Juicers:
They’re cheaper than other juicer types – this is perhaps the most important benefit for budget-conscious buyers: most centrifugal juicers sell for around $90 – $220.
- a centrifugal type juice extractor will yield enough juice (cc. 1 liter) for 1- 3 people
- the juicing job is done very quickly – especially if you have a unit with a wide (3 “) feeding chute, allowing you to add whole veggies and fruits (saves chopping time).
- cleaning up is a bit tedious as compared to other juicer types
- a centrifugal juicer is not good for juicing leafy vegetables (wheatgrass, spinach, parsley, kale)
Recommended Centrifugal Juicers
See also are hand-picked list of Best Centrifugal Juicers.
Masticating (Single-Gear) Juicers – Less Heat
Some juicer experts talk about masticating juicers as a separate category (mainly Champion juicers belong into this group) from single auger and dual stage single auger juice extractors.
The single most important benefit of masticating machines is that the slower juicing process (Low RPM juicer) results in more vitamins, enzymes, minerals and trace minerals contained in the juice.
The lower rate of rotation generates less heat and injects less oxygen into the end product protecting the nutrients in the juice and providing you with a more nutritious, healthier juice drink.
There are Two Types of Masticating Juicers:
- single auger juicing machines – low-speed units in which the auger crushes and grinds the produce into smaller pieces then presses the juice out. Wheatgrass juicers are the most popular single auger type units but there are other machines available that can juice other vegetables and fruits too. Recommended single auger juicers are the Omega Vert or the Samson juicers.
- dual-stage single auger juicers – the crushing-grinding process is the same as it is in one-stage single auger juicers but the juice extraction is done in 2 steps through two fine-hole screens. Popular 2-stage single auger juicers are the Omega 8003/8005 or the Omega 8006, and the SoloStar II.
Price range of electric masticating juicers: cc. $150 – $350. There are some manual masticating style juicers that cost less: e. g. the Easy Health Juicer is a single auger, hand-operated unit available mostly in the UK and other European countries. (retail price is around 30 GBP).
The Oscar Manual Juicer ( a hand-operated version of the Samson 6-in-1 made by Oscar Vitalmax) sells for around $165 – $180.
On the other end of the spectrum are the all-stainless steel high-end Super Angel / Angel Juicer models with cc. $ 870 – $970 price tag.
Recommended Masticating Juicers
- The Omega 8003/8005 Single-Gear Juicer and the Omega 8006 Single Auger Juicer (an updated version of the Omega8003/8005 models)
- Omega Vert Juicer – a single auger, upright machine.
Learn about the Benefits of Single Auger Masticating-Type Juicers and browse a list of the Best Masticating Juicers available in the market.
Twin Gear (Triturating) Juicers – Slow but Provide the Healthiest Juice
Triturating or twin-gear juicers are the are the most expensive types but they make juices that are the most beneficial to your health. Operating in a two-step process, a twin-gear juicer runs at even lower speed than masticating machines, generating less heat.
During the first step the dual gears crush the vegetables and fruits, pulverizing them into a pulp, than it extracts the juice in the second step. These low-heat juicers help to maintain the high nutrient content of raw foods.
Several single auger or twin gear juice extractors process wheatgrass well, but if you want to regularly juice large quantities of the green blades it’s best to buy a dedicated wheatgrass juicer.
Twin-gear juicers cost more than centrifugal or masticating machines: cc. $400 – $800.
Recommended Twin Gear Juicer Models
- The Green Star Elite Juicer (model GSE-5000) proves to be the best in the category of dual-gear machines.
- The Green Star 1000 or Green Star 3000 Juicers are also top quality twin-gear juicers mad eby the same manufacturer (Tribest) as the Green Star Elite.
Other Types of Juicing Machines
Commercial units (raw-food restaurants, juice shops) use high-yield hydraulic presses like the Norwalk Hydraulic Press Juicer to make vegetable and fruits juices. These heavy duty machines cost way more than the types described above. More on Commercial Juicers.
Cafes, restaurants and juice bars use high-volume centrifugal fruit juicers or dedicated commercial-grade citrus juicers to be able to serve customers freshly made orange juice on a daily basis.
Steam juicers deserve to be mentioned too. They are stainless steel, pot-like appliances that contain three parts:
- The bottom container is for boiling water to generate steam.
- You place the fruits or vegetables in the steamer basket that comes on the top of the water container.
- The juice will seep out of the food after about 30 minutes of steaming, into the center juice container.
Also good for gentle steaming of vegetables (broccoli, cauliflower etc.) A stainless steel steam juicer usually costs about $80 – 160. The Victorio Steam juicer for example sells for around $140.
Last but not least manual juicers such as manual citrus presses offer an inexpensive, simple way for juicing.